Body image issues are a renewable resource for pop stars and their teenage fans.
Americans used streaming platforms to listen to 70.3 billion songs in the first half of 2014, as CD sales and downloads declined.
Fans of Richard D. James, who release his music as Aphex Twin, take a test pressing of a 1994 album, raise some money and put it on YouTube.
The labels say that YouTube has threatened to block their content if they refuse licensing terms they see as inferior to those offered to big labels.
This first YouTube Music Awards was a show of essentially no consequence, but one that valued a theoretically equal playing field, risk-taking, resilience in the face of failure and evanescence.